12 Different Types of Coffee Drinks Around The World August 31 2016
At coffeeroots-Singapore, we truly believe that the "best" or "perfect" cup of coffee is down to personal taste preferences. Now, don't get us wrong - there are some important checkboxes that need to be ticked first - quality beans, expert roasting to bring out the flavour, proper storage to maintain the freshness of the beans. Beyond the essentials, however, some might prefer dark roasts over medium roasts, or they might prefer the bitterness and caffeine rush of robusta beans over the more mild and flavourful arabica beans.
It's not just over the type of beans and roasts that people differ. Around the world, there are countless different ways in which people enjoy their coffee. In this post, we'll be looking at twelve of our favorites.
Singapore: Kopi-O Kosong
A local favorite here in Singapore, Kopi is made by brewing robusta beans inside a "sock" that's in a pot of water. What you get is a strong, dark brew, that's packed with caffeine.
The "-O Kosong" at the end simply means without milk and sugar in a mix of local slang and Malay. Another favorite of ours is Kopi-C Kosong, which is Kopi (coffee) with evaporated milk and no sugar.
Vietnam: Cà phê sữa đá
Another strong brew like Kopi in Singapore, Cà phê sữa đá is made by brewing finely ground dark roasted Vietnamese coffee beans in a small, metal drip filter called the cà phê phin. The coffee drips into a cup containing sweetened condensed milk. You can drink it hot, but we prefer it iced.
Thailand: Thai Iced Coffee
A must have whenever we're in Thailand, Thai Iced Coffee (Kah-Feh yen) is the perfect drink to cool you down whether due to the sweltering Thai heat or the spicy Thai food. There are several different variations of this local favourite, but they all call for strong brewed / instant coffee, condensed milk, sugar, carnation milk / cream and spices.
Indonesia: Kopi Telur
We first tried this at a nasi padang store in Jakarta and it's definitely one of the more unique coffee drinks out there. Coffee mixed with egg yolks and sweetened condensed milk make for a coffee treat which has the familiar taste of custard to it.
The espresso has gained worldwide popularity since the 1980s but it originated in Italy, nearly a hundred years earlier, in the late 19th century. Espressos are made by forcing boiling water through finely ground coffee beans at high pressure. This produces a thick coffee drink with a characteristic layer of crema on the top. You may have heard the term "Doppio". Well, in espresso parlance, a doppio is basically a double-shot of espresso.
Australia: Flat White
Probably Australia's national coffee drink, the Flat White is similar to cappuccinos and lattes. The difference between the three drinks lies mainly in the amount of foam. With a Flat White, the amount of foam is in between that of a cappuccino and a latte, resulting in a drink that is more velvety.
France: Cafe Au Lait
French for coffee with milk, Cafe Au Lait is one of the simpler coffee preparations - it's just coffee with hot milk added. It is usually served in a white porcelain cup or bowl.
Australia: Long Black
Another favorite out of Australia and New Zealand, the Long Black is made by pouring a double shot of espresso over hot water. Most espresso machines should come with a long black option.
The Caffè Americano or Americano, as it's often shortened to, is a style of coffee prepared by adding hot water to either a single or double shot of espresso. Unlike the Long Black, there isn't a specific order of preparation.
The origins of the Americano are not confirmed, but the popular legend is that during World War II, American G.I.s based in Italy would add hot water to espressos, in order to dilute the coffee to the standards they were used to back home. Hence the name, "Americano".
Turkey: Turkish Coffee
Definitely one of the more internationally recognizable coffees, Turkish Coffee is an unfiltered coffee made by simmering (not boiling) finely ground coffee beans in a pot called a cezve. The coffee is then poured into a cup where the grounds are allowed to settle. Very often, you'll find that Turkish Coffee is served with a cup of water and something sweet, like a date. You should drink the water first, in order to clean the palate before drinking the coffee. After drinking the coffee, you should top it off by eating the sweet food.
UNESCO has confirmed that Turkish Coffee is an intangible cultural heritage of Turkey.
Ireland: Irish Coffee
Probably our favorite cocktail, Irish Coffee is made with hot coffee, good Irish whiskey and brown sugar, topped with a layer of thick cream. Order it at a pub near you.
Named after a famous family in Valencia, which also happens to be a part of Spain famous for it's oranges, the Cafe Borgia is a mocha (espresso, chocolate, steamed milk) topped with orange rind. Some cafes may use orange flavoring or zest as well.
And many more...
Wow... it took longer than we expected to write this post and we've barely scratched the surface. From Masala Coffee to the Mazagran, there's still so much to mention. Do stick around, as we launch a recipe or "how-to" section, to find out how you can prepare your favorite coffee drinks at home.